The encyclopedia explains the major technical terms used to describe the technologies for the future markets of today, tomorrow and beyond. From A as in app to M as in MEMS right through to Z as in ZigBee.

IEEE 802.11

Standard for local wireless networks. The various versions of the standards differ in terms of transfer rate, frequency band, modulation method, number of channels, etc. The a, b, g, n and ac versions are used in conventional Wi-Fi (WLAN) networks. IEEE 802.11p is an add-on to establish wireless technology in vehicles and create a reliable wireless standard for intelligent traffic systems.

IK Code

Classifies the protection against mechanical impact, the degree of impact resistance.


A term describing a type of experience or technology that completely immerses the user in a virtual world.


Phase of application of artificial intelligence. After the system has been trained, it calls on what it has learned in its inference and expands its knowledge.


A globally standardised IO technology (IEC 61131-9) to communicate with sensors and also actuators.

IP Rating

The level of protection provided by an enclosure for electrical devices against dust and other foreign bodies, accidental touch and water is described by the IP code. IP stands for “Ingress Protection”. The code was defined by the International Electrotechnical Commission (IEC) in the standard IEC 60529.


Internet Protocol version 6 enables unique identification of a corresponding number of devices