The encyclopedia explains the major technical terms used to describe the technologies for the future markets of today, tomorrow and beyond. From A as in app to M as in MEMS right through to Z as in ZigBee.


Intelligent processor-controlled units and modules in the automotive sector which monitor specific functions and report malfunctions.


Umbrella term for measures to improve healthcare based on the use of information and communications technology.

Embedded System

Hardware and software components integrated into a unified system to implement system-specific functional features.


A field bus developed by the Beckhoff corporation characterised by extremely short and predictable delay and cycle times (real-time Ethernet).


Ethernet Industrial Protocol (EtherNet/IP) is an open industry standard for industrial real-time Ethernet, based on TCP/IP and UDP/IP.