The encyclopedia explains the major technical terms used to describe the technologies for the future markets of today, tomorrow and beyond. From A as in app to M as in MEMS right through to Z as in ZigBee.

Field bus

Umbrella term for various physical bus systems used in industrial automation, production engineering, building automation and automotive engineering.


The result of a standardisation initiative by the Japan Electrical Manufacturers Association (JEMA) led by Mitsubishi. FL-Net is an Ethernet-based standard for communications between intelligent controllers.


Field Programmable Gate Array

Functional safety

A system is considered to be functionally safe when its electrical, electronic and programmable components always react in such a way that no intolerable harm is created in the environment of the machine or device concerned.