The encyclopedia explains the major technical terms used to describe the technologies for the future markets of today, tomorrow and beyond. From A as in app to M as in MEMS right through to Z as in ZigBee.


A component which converts electronic signals into mechanical motion or other physical quantities, such as pressure or temperature.


A generally interpretable unique description of a sequence of actions to resolve a – usually mathematical – problem.

Augmented reality

A combination of the perceived real world and virtual reality generated by computer. Users are provided with information to complement and enhance what they experience in the real world.


Ensures that the communication partner at the other end is authentic.


An avatar is a computer-generated 3D character that represents a human user in the online world.